Leverage ratio Basel III introduced a minimum leverage ratio. The leverage ratio was calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by the bank's average total consolidated assets; the banks were expected to maintain a leverage ratio in excess of 3% under Basel III. In July 2013, the US Federal Reserve Bank announced that the minimum Basel III leverage ratio would be 6% for 8 SIFI banks and 5% for their bank holding companies . Zum Beispiel würde demnach für eine Bank, die einen risikobasierten G-SIB-Puffer von 2 % vorhalten muss, die LR-Anforderung um 1 % auf dann insgesamt 4 % steigen.
Die Verschuldungsquote (englisch leverage ratio, siehe auch Leverage Ratio) ist eine Alternative zu risikogewichteten Messgrößen. Sie setzt die weitgehend ungewichtete Bilanzsumme ins Verhältnis zum regulatorischen Eigenkapital. Die Begrenzung der Verschuldungsquote soll den Bankensektor vor einer übermäßigen Verschuldung bewahren und somit das Risiko eines destabilisierenden Schuldenaufbaus senken. Damit ergänzt die Verschuldungsquote die Eigenkapitalstandards nach Säule 1 The new Basel III regulations proposes a minimum leverage ratio requirement (LR), deﬁned as a bank's Tier 1 capital over an exposure measure, which is independent of risk assessment (Ingves (2014)), and this is the fundamental difference between this new requirement and the already existing risk-weighted capital requirement. The aim of the leverage ratio is to act as a complement and a. Als Ergänzung zu den risikogewichteten Eigenkaptalanforderungen sieht Basel III die Einführung des Leverage Ratio als einfache und transparente Verschuldungs-Kennziffer vor. Im Rahmen der Kosultationspapiers zum Leverage Ratio hat der Baseler Ausschuss die Ausgestaltung nun konkretisiert
Die Bestimmungen von Basel III sehen die Einführung einer Leverage Ratio vor. In der Europäischen Union (EU) wurden diese Vorgaben durch Einführung einer Verschuldungsquote (synonym für Leverage Ratio) in Art. 429 CRR übernommen. Die Leverage Ratio ist als risikoungewichtete Höchstverschuldungsquote konzipiert Leverage ratio. Basel III introduced a minimum leverage ratio. This is a transparent, simple, non-risk-based leverage ratio and is calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by the bank's average total consolidated assets (sum of the exposures of all assets and non-balance sheet items) Auf Grundlage des Mandats des Artikels 434a CRR II entwickelt die EBA derzeit Technische Implementierungsstandards für einheitliche Offenlegungsformate sowie entsprechende Anweisungen für die Säule III-Anforderungen der Institute (Draft ITS on public disclosures by institutions of the information referred to in Titles II and III of Part Eight of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (EBA-CP-2019-09)). Seit dem 16. Oktober 2019 steht dieser ITS-Entwurf zur Konsultation A The impact of the Basel III leverage ratio on risk-taking and bank stability 99 The Basel III leverage ratio aims to constrain the build-up of excessive leverage in the banking system and to enhance bank stability. Concern has been raised, however, that the non-risk-based nature of the leverage ratio could incentivise bank
Juni 2021 auch unmittelbar in der EU anwendbar. Erstmalig wird für die Institute eine verbindliche Mindestquote der Leverage Ratio von 3% eingeführt. Zusätzlich gilt nach Baseler Vorgaben ein Leverage Ratio Puffer ab dem 1. Januar 2023, welcher auf 50% des Kapitalpuffers für global systemrelevante Institute (G-SRIs) festgelegt wurde. Die G-SRI Puffer-Anforderungen für global systemrelevante Institute sind auf europäischer Ebene in der Eigenmittelrichtlinie (CRD) geregelt The Basel III leverage ratio is defined as the capital measure (the numerator) divided by the exposure measure (the denominator), with this ratio expressed as percentage: Basel III Leverage Ratio = Capital Measure (Tier 1 Capital
The Tier 1 leverage ratio was introduced by the Basel III accords, an international regulatory banking treaty proposed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in 2009. The ratio uses Tier 1.. Basel IV: The Leverage ratio - Background and timeline of development Subject: On 7 December the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) published its package of reforms known as Basel IV. The Basel IV package includes final rules on the leverage ratio. The rules set out additional requirements for global systemically import ant banks (G - SIBs) and provides details on amendments to the exposure measure for calculating the leverage ratio from 2022 Basel III leverage ratio requirement started in January 2015. This publication allows for calibration and comparison across institutions. We compare clearing activities be-fore and after this date, under the rationale that such public disclosure encourages banks to move toward compliance with the leverage ratio, even absent an explicit man- date, to signal their strength. Our sample period is. bereits eine Leverage Ratio in Höhe von 3 % in vielen Fällen zur bindenden Eigenkapi-talvorschrift wird, d. h. nicht als Backstop- sondern als Frontstop-Kennziffer wirkt. Das Basel III-Monitoring der Deutschen Bundesbank ergab, dass die Leverage Ratio i
The Basel III framework requires that the leverage ratio and the more complex risk-based requirements work together. The lever-age ratio indicates the maximum loss that can be absorbed by equity, while the risk-based requirement refers to a bank's capac-ity to absorb potential losses. The use of a leverage ratio is not new. A similar measure. The Basel IV leverage ratio rules include additional rules set out for global systemically important banks and make certain amendments to the exposure measure used in the calculation of the ratio. So, as far as leverage ratio is concerned, the way forward appears challenging as complexities pertaining to global coordination and to 'fatigue' are growing. In the UK, the Prudential Regulation. determining Basel III Tier 1 capital) Report on-balance sheet assets deducted from Tier 1 capital. To ensure consistency, on-balance sheet assets deducted from Tier 1 capital (as set out in items A.8 to A.27 and items B.8 to B.13 of Module 6) should be deducted from the Exposure Measure. It should be noted that liability items (e.g. gains and losses due to changes in own credit risk on fair. Die Auswirkungsanalyse erfolgt dabei auf Basis einer vollständigen Umsetzung der folgenden Elemente des finalen Basel III-Reformpakets: (i) Kreditrisiko; (ii) operationelles Risiko; (iii) Leverage Ratio (iv) Output Floor; (v) Marktrisiko (FRTB); und (vi) Anpassung an die Kreditbewertung (CVA). Die Effekte der Überarbeitungen im Bereich Kreditrisiko werden im aktuellen Bericht erstmals. The Basel III Leverage Ratio (LR) is defined as the Capital Measure (the numerator) divided by the Exposure Measure (the denominator), expressed as a percentage. Implementation . 2. In accordance with the implementation timeline of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS), the parallel run period for the LR commences on 1 January 2013 and continues until 1 January 2017.
The Basel Committee's Basel III capital framework introduces a minimum 3% Tier 1 leverage ratio that takes into account both on- balance sheet assets and off -balance sheet exposures ( Basel III Leverage Ratio ). SLR Framework: The SLR represents the U.S. banking agencies' implementation of the Basel III Leverage Ratio. Under the U.S. Basel III established a minimum leverage ratio of 3% for 2018, which means that the capital should be enough to cover 3% of the total assets. In December 2015, BBVA posted a fully loaded leverage ratio (i.e. which incorporates the demands of the regulator for 2018, although with current data) of 6.0%, the highest among its peer group. The sector's average in September 2015 stood at 4.5% No, introducing a leverage ratio in the Basel III framework does not leverage trade finance.It rather kills it. You can debate whether it actually leverages the security of the financial system, even though this is, at least, its purpose http://www.basel-iii-association.com/... Welcome to the Reading Room of the Basel iii Compliance Professionals Association, the largest association of Basel.
Basel III Leverage Ratio = Capital Measure (Tier 1 Capital) Exposure Measure The leverage ratio shall not be less than ﬁve percent (5%) computed on both solo (head oﬃce plus branches) and consolidated bases (parent bank plus subsidiary ﬁnancial allied undertakings but excluding insurance companies). The guidelines implementing the Basel III Leverage Ratio framework are provided in. Die Leverage Ratio im Bankensektor entspricht damit der Eigenkapitalquote, wie sie üblicherweise in der Realwirtschaft verwendet wird. Der Baseler Ausschuss hat die Leverage Ratio neu in das Regelwerk zu Basel III aufgenommen, das ab 2013 schrittweise in Kraft treten soll. Allerdings soll die Leverage Ratio zunächst nur eine. U.S. Supplementary Leverage Ratio (SLR) vs. Basel III Leverage Ratio Posted on April 9, 2014, by Luigi L. De Ghenghi and Andrew S. Fei Advanced Approaches, Basel Committee, Basel III - International, Basel III - US, FDIC, Federal Reserve, Final Rules , G-SIB, Leverage Ratios, OCC, Visuals. We have prepared a chart that compares the U.S. banking agencies' proposed revisions to the U.S. Basel. Leverage ratio: The leverage ratio is calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by the bank's average total consolidated assets; the banks were expected to maintain a leverage ratio in excess of 3% under Basel III. The new leverage ratio is a non-risk-based measure to supplement the risk-based minimum capital requirements. This is to ensure that adequate funding is maintained in case there are. Neben der kurzfristigen Liquiditätsdeckungsquote (LCR) stellt die Einführung einer langfristigen Verschuldungsquote Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) die zweite wesentliche Komponente der im Rahmen von Basel III auf Baseler Ebene eingeführten Liquiditätsvorschriften dar. Im Gegensatz zu Basel enthält die aktuelle CRR lediglich die Vorgabe, einzelne Positionen zu ermitteln und zu.
The Average Leverage Ratio across the UK Banking System: 2007 vs. Now By Kevin Dowd 3rd June 2016 Summary: There has been only a modest increase in banks' capital standards since 2007 and UK banks' leverage ratios are still very low. These leverage ratios indicate that UK banks are highly exposed to a renewed financial crisis. The leverage ratio is the ratio of a bank's core capital to. Basel III Framework: US/EU Comparison . The US and EU rules implementing Basel III follow many aspects of Basel III closely, but there are major differences in approach in several key areas. Financial institutions have been engaged in a race to the top to show strong capital ratios but rules on leverage appear to be the most challenging and may require significant business restructuring. The finalized Basel III regime will thus introduce changes in capital requirements at the product level, requiring banks to reassess their business plans. It will also introduce new leverage-ratio buffers that could pose additional business constraints. As can be seen in Exhibit 5, the new rules on leverage ratios come in force on January 1. Basel III norms resulted in the tightening of Tier 1 capital norms and the introduction of the Tier 1 leverage ratio to prevent excessive build-up of leverage and to increase the capacity of the banks' capital to be able to cushion possible losses from its exposures. A more robust Tier 1 capital ratio indicates the better ability of the bank to be able to absorb losses. Therefore, as a. and tier 1+ 2 ratios. Basel II vs. Basel III Capital Ratios 9.5% 7% 4.5% Core Tier 1 Ratio Tier 1 Ratio Tier 1 + Tier 2 Ratio + 0 to 2.5% + 2.5% + 2.5% 2% + 2% 4% 6% + 2.5% + 0 to 2.5% 11% 8.5% 13% 10.5% + 0 to 2.5% + 2.5% 8% Varies, depends on counterparties countries Basel III Countercyclical Buffer Basel III Conservation Buffer Basel III Minimum Add-on Basel II Minimum. ENTERPRISE RISK.
the leverage ratio, published in December 2017; and (b) Minimum capital requirements for market risk2, published in January 2019. 1.2 The Basel III reforms improve the robustness and comparability of risk-based capital requirements across banks, including by: (a) enhancing the risk sensitivity of the standardised approaches The Impact of Basel III and the Predictive Power of the Leverage Ratio on the Amount of Risk Banks Take An Empirical Investigation on European Banks 22 September 2013 Michiel Nab Abstract Legislators responded to the recent financial crisis by enforcing higher capital requirements on banks. Not only will banks be required to hold more risk-based capital, a non risk-based leverage ratio will be. The Basel III Leverage Ratio, as originally agreed upon in December 2010, has recently undergone revisions and updates - both in relation to those proposed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision - as well as proposals introduced in the United States. Whilst recent proposals have been introduced by the Basel Committee to improve, particularly, the denominator component of the. The leverage ratio, as defined under Basel-III norms, is Tier-I capital as a percentage of the bank's exposures. The Tier 1 leverage ratio is calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by a bank's average total consolidated assets and certain off-balance sheet exposures. A higher leverage ratio denotes that the bank has to accumulate more capital to finance its assets. The framework is designed.
, Börse, Versicherung, Note: 1,3, Universität zu Köln (Seminar für ABWL und Bankbetriebslehre), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In dieser Arbeit werden die Auswirkungen des Leverage Ratio nach Basel III auf den deutschen Bankensektor untersucht Basel III leverage ratio framework Register of Interest Representatives Identification number in the register: 52646912360-95 Contact: Dr Uwe Gaumert Telephone: +49 30 1663-2150 E-mail: email@example.com Berlin, 6 July 2016 The German Banking Industry Committee is the joint committee operated by the central associations of the German banking industry. These associations are the Bundesverband. Currently, all U.S. banks are subject to a balance sheet leverage ratio, which requires them to maintain a ratio of tier 1 capital to balance sheet assets at a minimum level of 4%. In order to be well-capitalized, banks must achieve a 5% minimum leverage ratio. In July 2013, the U.S. bank agencies adopted the U.S. Basel III Final Rule, which requires (among many other things) that Advanced. Basel 4 was (almost completely) finalised by the Basel Committee in December 2017, and is due to be implemented from January 2022. The December 2017 agreement included substantial amendments to the capital treatment of credit risk, operational risk and the credit . valuation adjustment, the imposition of an output floor, revisions to the definition of the leverage ratio and the application of. The Basel IV standards are changes to global bank capital requirements that were agreed in 2017 and are due for implementation in January 2023. They amend the international banking standards known as the Basel Accords. Regulators argue that these changes are simply completing the Basel III reforms, agreed in principle in 2010-11, although most of the Basel III reforms were agreed in detail.
leverage ratio which is proposed to be calibrated with a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 3% (the Basel Committee will further explore to track a leverage ratio using total capital and tangible common equity). The ratio will be captured with all assets and off balance sheet (OBS) items at their credit conversion factors and derivatives with Basel II netting rules and a simple measure of potential. 1. Begriff: Als Basel III wird ein Bündel von Maßnahmen des Baseler Ausschusses für Bankenaufsicht bezeichnet, mit dem eine Stärkung der Risikotragfähigkeit und der Widerstandsfähigkeit des Bankensektors erreicht werden soll, um durch die erhöhte Stabilität des Finanzsystems die Wahrscheinlichkeit und das Ausmaß zukünftiger Finanzmarktkrisen zu senken und so die Gefahr negativer. NIMM in other areas, including in the Basel capital framework's leverage ratio and calculations of exposures to central counterparties frameworks and in the Basel Committee's proposed limits on large bank exposures.2 The NIMM also could be used in other contexts within the U.S. bank regulatory regime. In particular, under Dodd-Frank, banking organizations must include derivatives exposures. Leverage Ratio Disclosure 1. Leverage ratio common disclosure (₹million) S. No. Leverage ratio framework As of Mar 31, 2020 As of Mar 31, 2019 On-balance sheet exposures 1 On-balance sheet items (excluding derivatives and SFTs, but including collateral) 12,681,998.515,329,809.1 2 (Asset amounts deducted in determining Basel III Tier 1 capital. Minimum Leverage Ratio Requirements: The Basel III accord aimed to build on a framework with a risk-weighted assets approach. It requires banks to maintain an adequate on-balance and off-balance sheet leverage. Its new regulatory implementation requires banks to maintain high-quality liquid assets to maintain a financially stressed situation for up to 30 days. The accord also proposed a long.
This course is designed for professionals who have familiarity with Basel III and need a particular focus on the leverage ratio. The class will cover differences in the leverage ratio implementation between the US, UK, and continental Europe. The course is interactive and is comprised of a lecture and topical articles to supplement discussions of recent developments in Basel III and leverage. Insoweit scheint uns auch eine weitere Spezifizierung der Regelungen zur Ermittlung der Leverage Ratio wenig geeignet, um die Aussagekraft zu erhöhen. Stellungnahme DK zum Konsultationspapier des Baseler Ausschusses für Bankenaufsicht Revised Basel III leverage ratio framework and disclosure requirements - Bankenverban 1.1 Basel III Liquidity Ratios 1.1.1 Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) 184.108.40.206 Definitions for the LCR 220.127.116.11 The Equation 1.1.2 Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) 18.104.22.168 Definitions of the NSFR 22.214.171.124 The Equation 1.2 Leverage Ratio 1.3 Other significant policy statements 1.3.1 Advance to Deposit Ratio (ADR) 126.96.36.199 The Equation 188.8.131.52 ADR for Islamic banking operation of conventional banks 1.3.
Leverage Ratio under Basel III for licensed commercial banks and licensed specialised banks (hereinafter referred to as licensed banks) exposure using the given formula, as in paragraph 3.2 (b). (b) [f, however, a bank's exposure in respect of SFT goes beyond an indemnity or a guarantee for the difference in value between the assets provided and received and includes exposure to the. made for a simple and easily comparable leverage ratio defined as equity over unweighted balance sheet assets. This would be accompanied by stress testing. Stress testing, scenario based, involves the estimate of loan losses under severe economic conditions. Stress testing and the Basel II or III formula have the same objective: an evaluation of loan losses in a severe recession. It is an. The Basel III Leverage Ratio was introduced. The equation is actually simple: divide capital (money) by total consolidated assets. The minimum percentage allowed to come from this calculation is the Basel III Leverage Ratio; today the ratio is at 6% or 5% depending on the type of institution. New ways to guard against issues that arise from the cyclical nature of banks were included in Basel.
Basel I, II, III und IV sind Regelungen, die der Baseler Ausschusses für Bankenaufsicht erstellt hat und die von Banken zu beachten sind. Sie beinhalten insbesondere Vorschriften zur Eigenkapitalquote. Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts erkannte man, dass Banken mit zu geringer Eigenkapitalquote eine Gefahr für die finanzielle Sicherheit bedeuten. Mit den Baseler Regelwerken wird das Ziel verfolgt. Revisions to the Basel III leverage ratio framework . published in April 2016 (2016 proposed revisions) 3. The BCBS is currently finalizing the LR framework for publication as part of the final package for the outstanding post-crisis reforms. 4 This consultation paper outlines the Hong Kong Monetary Authority's (HKMA) proposals for implementing the framework. The consultation. On January 12, 2014, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) issued the full text of the Basel III leverage ratio framework and disclosure requirements Footnote 2 (the BCBS LR Framework). The BCBS LR Framework introduces a simple, transparent, non-risk based leverage ratio to act as a credible supplementary measure to the risk-based capital requirements and includes public disclosure.
ausgelegt werden als in Basel 15 Die (ggf.) gefloorten RWA werden sollten ausschließlich zur Berechnung der explizit im Basler Text genannten Kapitalanforderungen herangezogen werden. Keine Verwendung der Floor -RWA zur Berechnung von Säule II-Anforderung 8% Gesamtkapital (RWA floored) Leverage Ratio 8% Gesamtkapital (RWA pre-floor) Kapitalerhal Off Balance Sheet Items and Reconciling Frameworks within Basel III: Revisions to the Basel III Leverage Ratio Framework. 2017 AAA Annual Conference Presentation. 5 Pages Posted: 28 Dec 2016. See all articles by Marianne Ojo D Delaney PhD Marianne Ojo D Delaney PhD. American Accounting Association; Centre for Innovation and Sustainable Development (CISD) Date Written: December 27, 2016. Among the changes introduced by Basel III was a minimum leverage ratio, to be calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by the bank's average total consolidated assets. The goal of the measure was. The formula for leverage ratios is basically used to measure the debt level of a business relative to the size of the balance sheet. The calculation of leverage ratios are primarily by comparing the total debt obligation relative to either the total assets or the equity contribution of business. A high leverage ratio calculates that the business may have taken too many loans and is in too much. Basel III Advanced Approaches Basel III Standardized (Collins Floor) Supplementary Leverage Ratio (SLR) Note 1 GSIB Capital Buffers Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) Note 2 Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) Note 3 Total Loss Absorbing Capital (TLAC) International framework proposed; no U.S. (re)proposal yet International framework finalized (anticipated); no U.S. proposal yet U.S. proposal period.
We have discussed about the leverage ratio, And this leverage ratio is just a ratio that tells you that your total bank balance sheet signs irrespective of the risks weights must not exceed a certain factor of your bank capital. And Basel III next introduced two buffers. So two additional capital buffer. And these two buffers the countercyclical capital buffer Countercyclical, From 0- 2.5% of. Download. Pillar 3 disclosures - June 2020. Download. Leverage ratio disclosures - June 2020. Download. Financial Year 2019 - 2020. Pillar 3 disclosures and Leverage ratio disclosures - March 2020. Download. Pillar 3 disclosures - December 2019
. In addition, these institutions are considered to have met the well-capitalized ratio requirements for purposes of section 38 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. • The main components and requirements of the CBLR framework are. Basel III necessitates that banks hold more capital than Basel II, with a particular emphasis on capital quality. Under Basel II, banks were required to maintain a Core Tier 1 (highest quality) capital ratio of 2%. However, under Basel III, this is replaced by a Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1-higher quality) ratio of 4.5%. Additionally, Basel III Pillar 3 Basel III capital adequacy, leverage and liquidity ratios at 30 September 2017 This quarterly Pillar 3 disclosure covers the operations of Nedbank Group Limited (group) as well as Nedbank Limited (bank) and complies with the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision's (BCBS) revised Pillar 3 disclosure requirements and the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) Directive 11 of 2015. Basel.
The UK leverage ratio framework. Supervisory Statement 45/15. First published on 7 December 2015. This Supervisory Statement (SS) is aimed at Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) firms in scope of the UK leverage ratio framework. The purpose of this SS is to set out the expectations of the Prudential Regulatory Authority (PRA) on leverage. Basel III Capital Standards Do Not Reduce the Too-Big-to-Fail Problem. Many experts recognize that the government will still step in to support some financial institutions rather than allow them. THE IMPACT OF BASEL III ON TRADE FINANCE: THE POTENTIAL UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF THE LEVERAGE RATIO Marc Auboin and Isabella Blengini Manuscript date: January 17, 2014 Disclaimer: This is a working paper, and hence it represents research in progress. This paper represents the personal opinions of individual staff members and is not meant to represent the position or opinions of the WTO or. Basel III - Pillar 3 Disclosure Report as at December 31, 2019 Page 1 of 43 Public Leverage Ratio LR1 - Summary comparison 16 LR2 -Leverage ratio common disclosure template 17 Liquidity. In response, the international bank standard-setting body, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS), developed the Basel III capital framework, which it finalised in June 2011. The new framework sets out internationally agreed minimum requirements for higher and better-quality capital for banks globally, as well as better risk coverage and a new non-risk-weighted 'leverage ratio'
Basel III: Credit Risk Standardised Approach October 2018 On 7th December 2017, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision ('BCBS')published the final standard of its reforms for the calculation of risk weighted assets ('RWA')and capital floors. This completed the work that BCBS had been undertaking since 2012 to recalibrate the Basel III framework aimed at making banks more resilient. The formula for the CET1 ratio is: CET1 Ratio = Common Equity Tier 1 Capital / Risk Weighted Assets. Basel III requires all banks to have a ratio of above 4.5%. This helps protect a bank as if assets suddenly lose value, there is still enough liquid capital to cover losses. Leverage Ratio. The leverage ratio is another requirement introduced by Basel III. Similar to the CET1 ratio, it also.
Description of the factors that had an impact on the leverage ratio in 2017. As of December 31, 2017, our fully loaded CRR/CRD 4 leverage ratio was 3.8 % compared to 3.5 % as of December 31, 2016, taking into account as of December 31, 2017 a fully loaded Tier 1 capital of € 52.9 billion over an applicable exposure measure of € 1,395 billion (€ 46.8 billion and € 1,348 billion as of. • Basel III: The Liquidity Coverage Ratio and liquidity risk monitoring tools (January 2013) • Capital requirements for banks' equity investments in funds (December 2013) • Capital requirements for bank exposures to central counterparties (April 2014) • Consultative Document, Basel III: The Net Stable Funding Ratio (January 2014